The operation of any crane is associated with an increased risk both to the personnel below, the operator himself, and the equipment, materials and everything in the crane's area of operation. This means that safety rules must not be ignored.
Who is allowed to operate cranes?
First and foremost, what matters is who operates the crane - only an adult who has passed a complete medical examination and who has special training documents may work as a crane operator. Depending on the operating conditions, capacity and technical characteristics of the crane, the list of requirements and documents can be extended.
The work is supervised by a foreman, engineer, supervisor, or another person in charge. Of course, all employees are required to pass a safety briefing, and in some companies there is an examination after a training course.
Under normal conditions, every crane operator's workday begins with an equipment inspection. This routine becomes a habit and helps to determine
reliability of the rope at the attachment points and its integrity;
availability of spare rope coils on the reel;
technical condition of the cabin (visibility, location in relation to equipment power supply wires, etc., are important);
presence of a special rope protection;
grounding of electric motor housings;
integrity of metal structures of lifting equipment;
serviceability of handrails, stairs and other elements;
no third-party tools or objects;
condition of the brake system and interlocks.
And only after the equipment passes the inspection can the operator begin work. If during the inspection the operator finds faults or damage, the crane may not be used until these have been corrected! All data after the inspection is entered by the operator into a special logbook.
The crane operator's workplace is incredibly important, since the operator's comfort and properly organized workspace not only entail normal working conditions, but also increase work efficiency
The comfort of the seat, the proper location of controls, the cleanliness of windows, and noise and vibration levels in the cab all need careful consideration
The crane operator must warn all employees on the floor before starting to move the crane when lifting or lowering a load. An audible signal is usually used. If there is more than one crane on premises, it is important to keep a close eye on the operation to prevent convergence.
To prevent injuries in the workplace, you need to:
enclose the working area of the overhead bridge crane;
lay out safe routes throughout the site;
enclose the conductive elements of the crane and their connections to transformers and other sources of electricity;
put up warning signs;
use portable lights (if necessary) not exceeding 36 V;
only qualified technicians may be entrusted with the job of repairing breakdowns and defects;
use rubber gloves to prevent electric shock.
The crane driver may not allow unauthorized persons into the cab, except for competent specialists when performing work of increased accuracy or complexity. If the operator feels unwell, he must notify his supervisor immediately. In efficient companies, the supervisor will find a replacement, while the work will be suspended
In order to ensure safety at a facility where hoisting equipment is used, the following is necessary:
keep crane tracks and units in good working order;
do not overload;
regularly assess the condition of the load-carrying equipment, cable drum and other structural elements;
perform minor repairs in a timely manner;
perform regular technical inspections;
follow the instructions and regulations for operating the lifting equipment;
stop the crane for repairs according to the schedule;
complete and keep all documentation - logs, passport, certificates, etc. in a timely manner.
Unfortunately, such seemingly simple rules are not always followed, and the cost of this remains consistently high